A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir that is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming or is used for recreational fishing or ornamental purposes.
A large part of the world’s fish culture production relies on the use of freshwater ponds that hold and exchange water, receive fertilizer or feed, and allow for holding, rearing, and harvesting of fish.
The proper preparation and construction of such ponds and their associated structures are essential for successful fish farming. Good ponds are inexpensive to construct, easy to maintain and efficient in allowing good water and fish management.
Other benefits from aquaculture or pond culture include improved quality and a more regular supply of fish products to consumers, with continuity from processing to retailing. Other facets of aquaculture include biomedical research and the development of pharmaceuticals, water treatment, genetic engineering, sport fishing, and the ornamental fish trade.