Pond and Dam Fishing

A fish pond, or fishpond, is a controlled pond, artificial lake, or reservoir that is stocked with fish and is used in aquaculture for fish farming or is used for recreational fishing or ornamental purposes.

A large part of the world’s fish culture production relies on the use of freshwater ponds that hold and exchange water, receive fertilizer or feed, and allow for holding, rearing, and harvesting of fish.

The proper preparation and construction of such ponds and their associated structures are essential for successful fish farming. Good ponds are inexpensive to construct, easy to maintain and efficient in allowing good water and fish management.

There may be different types of the pond on a fish farm, each used for a specific purpose:

Spawning ponds for the production of eggs and small fry.

Nursery ponds for the production of larger juveniles.

Brood ponds for broodstock rearing.

Storage ponds for holding fish temporarily, often before marketing.

Fattening ponds, for the production of food fish.

Integrated ponds which have crops, animals or other fish ponds around them to supply waste materials to the pond as feed or fertilizer.

Wintering ponds for holding fish during the cold season.

The main benefits to be derived from aquaculture are:

The increased production of food for human consumption.

The opening of commercially viable business opportunities.

The creation of employment, especially in rural areas.

Increased national exports.

The substitution of imports by local production.

Other benefits from aquaculture or pond culture include improved quality and a more regular supply of fish products to consumers, with continuity from processing to retailing. Other facets of aquaculture include biomedical research and the development of pharmaceuticals, water treatment, genetic engineering, sport fishing, and the ornamental fish trade.

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