Vermiculture is the process of garden composting using worms. Over time, all organic material naturally goes through the process of decomposition.
Vermiculture allows a grower to create organically rich compost year-round. Most growers use various types of worms such as earthworms, white worms, and red wigglers to compost. The compost created by the worms is an excellent soil conditioner and all-natural fertilizer.
Vermicast is the end-product of the breakdown of organic matter by earthworms. These castings have been shown to contain reduced levels of contaminants and a higher saturation of nutrients than the organic materials before vermicomposting.
Vermicompost contains water-soluble nutrients and is an excellent, nutrient-rich organic fertilizer and soil conditioner. It is used in farming and small scale sustainable, organic farming.
Vermicomposting can also be applied for the treatment of sewage. A variation of the process is vermifiltration which is used to remove organic matter, pathogens and oxygen demand from wastewater or directly from blackwater of flush toilets
Using vermiculture is a great way to improve your organic fertilizer.